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Ductile iron pipes, fittings, accessories and their joints for sewerage applications - Requirements and test methods

This European Standard specifies the requirements and associated test methods applicable to ductile iron pipes, fittings, accessories and their joints for the construction of drains and sewers outside buildings:  operating without pressure (gravity sewerage), or with positive or negative pressure (see Table 5);  to be installed below or above ground;  to convey surface water, domestic waste water and certain types of industrial effluents, either in separate systems or in combined systems. This European Standard applies to pipes, fittings and accessories which are:  manufactured with socketed, flanged or spigot ends;  normally delivered externally and internally coated;  suitable for continuous fluid temperatures between 0 °C excluding frost, and 45 °C for DN ≤ 200 or 35 °C for DN > 200, according to EN 476;  not intended for use in areas subject to reaction to fire regulations. NOTE 1 This does not preclude special arrangements for the products to be used at higher temperatures.


Ductile iron pipes, fittings, accessories and their joints compatible with plastic (PVC or PE) piping systems, for water applications and for plastic pipeline connections, repair and replacement

This International Standard specifies the requirements and test methods applicable to ductile iron pipes, fittings, accessories and their joints with dimensions compatible with plastic (PVC or PE) piping systems: — to replace or repair existing plastic pipelines; — to convey water (e.g. for human consumption, raw water, etc.); — operated with or without pressure; — installed below or above ground; — defined according to their external diameter (DN/OD series); — classified according to pressure (C class). The pressure class specified in this International Standard is C25. This pressure resistance level will meet or exceed those of plastic pipes. These ductile iron pipes, fittings, accessories and joints can be used along with plastic pipelines, where they are needed (for example, with higher pressure rating sections, higher traffic load, etc.), for the construction of water pipelines. The dimensions of the products according to this International Standard, in the size range DN/OD 50 to DN/OD 225, are compatible with those of plastic pipes (ISO 1452-2 for PVC and ISO 4427-2 for PE). The spigots of plastic pipes used for water applications can be inserted into sockets of pipes manufactured according to this International Standard. The spigots and sockets of products defined in this International Standard are not dimensionally compatible with the products defined in ISO 2531. This International Standard gives specifications for materials, dimensions and tolerances, mechanical properties and standard coatings and linings of pipes, fittings and accessories. It also gives performance requirements for all components including joints. This International Standard covers pipes, fittings and accessories cast by any type of foundry process or manufactured by fabrication of cast components, as well as corresponding joints in the size range DN/OD 50 to DN/OD 225 inclusive. It is applicable to pipes, fittings and accessories which are — manufactured with socketed or spigot ends for jointing by means of various types of gaskets (which are not within the scope of this International Standard), and — compulsory delivered internally and externally coated. This International Standard is also applicable to socketed fittings which include flanged connections. NOTE In this International Standard, all pressures are relative pressures expressed in bar1).


Surface active agents–Detergents for hand dishwashing – Guide for comparative testing of performance

This International Standard establishes guidelines for carrying out comparative tests for determining the principal performance characteristics of detergents, solid or liquid, for domestic hand dishwashing which are of interest to the consumer. It lists and defines the performance characteristics considered; it gives details of the variables to be considered, indicates their significance and provides a basis for designing adequate comparative test methods.


Surface active agents and detergents –Determination of stability in hard water

This part of IEC 61386 specifies requirements and tests for conduit systems, including conduits and conduit fittings, for the protection and management of insulated conductors and/or cables in electrical installations or in communication systems up to 1 000 V a.c. and/or 1 500 V d.c. This standard applies to metallic, non-metallic and composite conduit systems, including threaded and non-threaded entries which terminate the system. This standard does not apply to enclosures and connecting boxes which come within the scope of IEC 60670. NOTE 1 Certain conduit systems may also be suitable for use in hazardous atmospheres. Regard should then be taken of the extra requirements necessary for equipment to be installed in such conditions. NOTE 2 Earthing conductors may or may not be insulated.


Fertilizers and soil conditioners — Sulfur Coated Urea (SCU) — General requirements

ISO 17323:2015 specifies general requirements, sampling and preparation of test sample, marking and labelling, packaging, transport, and storage for SCU.


Fertilizer and soil conditioners -- Fertilizer grade urea -- General requirements

ISO 18642:2016 specifies the general requirements regarding testing methods, sampling and preparation of test sample, marking and labelling, package, transport, and storage of fertilizer grade urea. It is applicable to urea in solid form, e.g. granular, prilled, or pastilled, which is made by the reaction of ammonia with carbon dioxide. Urea can be classified by its intended use, industrial and/or agricultural. It is mainly used as fertilizer in the field of agriculture. It is only applicable to fertilizer grade urea in the field of agriculture.


Fertilizers and soil conditioners — Controlled-release fertilizer — General requirements

ISO 18644:2016 specifies the requirements for testing methods, sampling and preparation of test sample, marking and labelling, as well as package, transport, and storage of controlled-release fertilizer. ISO 18644:2016 is applicable to controlled-release products having one or more primary fertilizer nutrient (nitrogen and/or phosphorous and/or potassium) in a controlled-release form. They can be made by bulk blending (BB) fertilizers or by special processes.


Fertilizers and soil conditioners — Water soluble fertilizer — General requirements

ISO 18645:2016 specifies the requirements for testing methods, sampling and preparation of test sample, marking and labelling, as well as package, transport, and storage of water soluble fertilizers. ISO 18645:2016 is applicable to water soluble fertilizers which are completely soluble in water and are suitable for fertigation and sprinkling irrigation, as well as for foliar application (foliar feeding).


Plastics — Methods of exposure to solar radiation — Part 1: General guidance

ISO 877-1:2009 provides information and general guidance on the selection and use of the methods of exposure to solar radiation described in detail in subsequent parts of ISO 877. These methods of exposure to solar radiation are applicable to plastics materials of all kinds as well as to products and portions of products. It also specifies methods for determining radiant exposure. It does not include direct weathering using black-box test fixtures, which simulate higher end-use temperatures in some applications.


Plastics — Methods of exposure to solar radiation —Part 2:Direct weathering and exposure behind window glass

ISO 877-2:2009 specifies a method for the direct exposure of plastics to solar radiation and a method for the exposure of plastics to glass-filtered solar radiation (exposure behind window glass). The purpose is to assess property changes produced after specified stages of such exposures.


Petroleum Products and Used oils - Determination of PCBs and Related Products - Part 2: Calculation of Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB) Content

This standard specifies two calculation procedures (“method A” and “method B”) for PCB content. The basis for this quantification is taken from the chromatographic results of EN 12766-1:2000 in which all necessary experimental procedures are described for the specific analysis of unused, used and treated (e.g. dechlorinated) petroleum products including synthetic lubricating oils and mixtures of vegetable oils. The method is also applicable to petroleum products and synthetic lubricating oils suitably recovered from other materials, e.g. from waste materials. Both methods have different strengths and weaknesses which are described in the next paragraphs and which must be considered before use in a specific application. Proper application of either method A or method B needs to be carefully considered before use in a specific application. Using method A, special care needs to be exercised to avoid interferences from non PCB substances which may occur in the chromatogram. Therefore, method A can be used predominantly for the analysis of used and unused insulating oils. It is recommended not to use calculation method A without special precautions for other than above-mentioned products. Calculation method A can produce two alternative sets of results, (“All Probables” and “All Possibles”). Therefore, care needs to be taken in order tointerpret these results in the correct manner. Method B uses as intermediate result the sum of six congeners, which belong to the most abundant in almost all technical PCB materials, thereby minimizing potential interferences from other (coeluting) non PCB substances. To obtain the PCB content, the intermediate sum from six congeners needs to be multiplied by a multiplication factor. Calculation Method B can be used predominantly for the analysis of liquids from used and waste materials of unknown origin and for samples with low PCB contents.


Petroleum Products and Used Oils - Determination of PCBs and Related Products - Part 3: Determination and Quantification of Polychlorinated Terphenyls (PCT) and Polychlorinated Benzyl Toluenes (PCBT) Content by Gas Chromatography (GC) Using an Electron Ca

polychlorinated benzyl toluenes (PCBT) in petroleum products and related materials by means of a specified gas chromatographic separation procedure. Following the gas chromatographic separation, quantification procedures are described for PCT Aroclor 5442, PCT Aroclor 5460 and PCBT (Ugilec 141). This document is applicable to unused, used and treated (e.g. dechlorinated) petroleum products including synthetic lubricating oils, to petroleum products and synthetic lubricating oils suitably recovered from other materials (e.g. from waste materials) and to mixtures of vegetable oils. NOTE 1 This document has been developed as an extension of EN 12766 Parts 1 and 2 to provide a method of determining the total PCB content in accordance with Articles 2, 3 and 4 of EC Directive 96/59/EC [1]. The total PCB content is calculated by summation of PCB content, determined according to EN 12766-2, and PCTs and PCBTs according to this document.


Swimming pool equipment - Part 5: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for lane lines and dividing line

This European Standard specifies safety requirements for lane lines and dividing line in addition to the general safety requirements of EN 13451-1:2011 and should be read in conjunction within it. The requirements of this specific standard take priority over those in EN 13451-1:2011. This part of EN 13451 is applicable to manufactured lane lines for use in competition and training and dividing line for use in classified swimming pools as specified in EN 15288-1 and EN 15288-2.


Swimming pool equipment - Part 6: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for turning boards

This part of EN 13451 specifies safety requirements for turning boards in addition to the general safety requirements of EN 13451-1:2001. The requirements of this specific standard take priority over those in EN 13451-1:2001. This part of EN 13451:2001 is applicable to manufactured turning boards for use in competition and training.


Swimming pool equipment - Part 7: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for water polo goals

This part of EN 13451 specifies safety requirements for water polo goals in addition to the general safety requirements of EN 13451-1:2001 The requirements of this specific standard take priority over those in EN 13451-1:2001. This part of EN 13451:2001 is applicable to manufactured water polo goals for use in competition and training.


Playground equipment and surfacing - Part 10: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for fully enclosed play equipment

This document is applicable to fully enclosed play equipment intended for installation inside and outside buildings, for children up to 14 years old, see 3.1. The purpose of this document is to provide additional safety requirements covering particulars of these structures, such as exits and escape routes, visibility, external "climbability", containment walls/netting in relation to safety area, ignition resistance, specific equipments/components, impact-attenuating surfaces, signage, specific inspection and maintenance.


Oil of basil, methyl chavicol type (Ocimum basilicum L.)

This International Standard specifies certain characteristics of the oil of basil, methyl chavicol type1) (Ocimum basilicum L.), in order to facilitate assessment of its quality.


Essential oils and aromatic extracts — Determination of residual benzene content

This International Standard describes a method for determining the residual traces of benzene in essential oils and aromatic extracts, using static headspace gas chromatography.It applies to residual contents of around 10 � 10−6 (10 ppm) in the analysed product.


Oil of thyme containing thymol, Spanish type [Thymus zygis (Loefl.) L.]

ISO 14715:2010 specifies certain characteristics of the essential oil of thyme containing thymol, Spanish type [Thymus zygis (Loefl.) L.], with a view to facilitating the assessment of its quality.


Stretched ceilings - Requirements and test methods

This International Standard specifies certain characteristics of the oil of galbanum (Ferula galbaniflua Boiss. et Buhse) in order to facilitate assessment of its quality.


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ISO 14717:2008 specifies certain characteristics of the essential oil of origanum, Spanish type [Coridothymus capitatus (L.) Rchb. f.], with a view to facilitating the assessment of its quality.


This European Standard for a single series of flanges specifies requirements for circular steel flanges in PN desig-nations PN 2,5 to PN 400 and nominal sizes from DN 10 to DN 4000. This European Standard specifies the flange types and their facings, dimensions, tolerances, threading, bolt sizes, flange jointing face surface finish, marking, materials, pressure/ temperature ratings and approximate flange masses. For the purpose of this European Standard, "flanges" include also lapped ends and collars. This European Standard applies to flanges manufactured in accordance with the methods described in Table 1. Non-gasketed pipe joints are outside the scope of this European Standard.


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This standard specifies requirements for circular flnges made from ductile, grey and malleable cast iron from DN 10 to DN 4000 and PN 2,5 to PN 63.(See 4.1 and 4.2). This standard specifies the types of flanges and their feelings, dimensions and tolerances, bolt sizes, surface finish of jointing faces, marking, testing, quality assurance and materials together with associated pressure/temperature (p/T) ratings.


Flanges and their joints - Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings

This European Standard specifies requirements for circular copper alloy flanges and copper alloy collars combined with loose steel plate flanges in PN designations from PN 6 to PN 40 and nominal sizes from DN 10 to DN 1800 in the typesshown in Table 1. This standard also specifies dimensions and tolerances, materials and their associated pressure/temperature (p/T) ratings, flange facings and related surface finish, weld repairs, and marking, together with information on bolting, gaskets, application/installation and approximate flange masses. The flanges specified, with the exception of integral (type 21) flanges, are for attachment to copper or copper alloy tubes in accordance with EN 12449. NOTE 1 When the flanges specified in this standard are required for use with copper or copper alloy tubes to EN 1057 in those tube diameters which are different to EN 12449, this should be agreed between the equipment manufacturer and the flange manufacturer. NOTE 2 The size of copper and copper alloy tubes is designated by reference to the outside diameter in millimetres. NOTE 3 See also annex B. NOTE 4 Non-gasketed pipe joints are outside the scope of this standard.


Flanges and their joints - Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings

This European Standard specifies requirements for PN designated circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings and accessories made from aluminium alloy in the range of DN 15 to DN 600 and PN10 to PN 63 (see Table 1). This European Standard specifies the types of flanges and their facings, dimensions and tolerances, bolt sizes, surface finish of jointing faces, marking and materials together with associated pressure/temperature (p/T) ratings. The flanges are intended to be used for piping as well as for pressure vessels.


Plastics - Film and sheeting - Determination of average thickness

Applies to all plastics films and sheeting and has special value when mechanical scanning is not sufficiently precise, particularly for measuring the thickness of embossed sheeting. The gravimetric thickness is calculated from measurements of mass, area and density of a sample.


Plastics - Film and Sheeting - Determination of Length and Width

Specifies a method for the determination of the "free" length of a roll of plastics film or sheeting. This method is intended for use with rolls of length up to 100 m as a reference method. Also specifies a method for the determination of the average "free" width of a roll and the width of a sample of plastics film or sheeting not less than 5 mm wide, also intended for use as a reference method. If the width is only slightly greater than 5 mm, the accuracy of the method is only 2 %.


Plastics - Film and Sheeting - Determination of Thickness by

Specifies a method for the determination of the thickness of a sample of plastics film or sheeting by mechanical scanning. The method is not suitable for use with embossed film or sheeting.


Plastics — Film and Sheeting — Determination of Tear

ISO 6383-1:2015 specifies a method of determining the tear resistance of plastic film or sheet less than 1 mm thick, in the form of standard trouser-shaped test specimens, tested under defined conditions of pre-treatment, temperature, humidity, and speed of testing. The method is applicable to film and sheeting of both flexible and rigid materials, provided that the material is not so rigid that brittle fracture occurs during the test, or so deformable, in an irreversible way, that the energy used in the deformation of the specimen legs is significant (i.e. is not negligible) with respect to the energy used in tearing. The method may not be suitable for determining the tear properties of cellular sheet and film.


Plastics - Film and Sheeting – Determination of Tear Resistance -

ISO 6383-1:2015 specifies a method of determining the tear resistance of plastic film or sheet less than 1 mm thick, in the form of standard trouser-shaped test specimens, tested under defined conditions of pre-treatment, temperature, humidity, and speed of testing. The method is applicable to film and sheeting of both flexible and rigid materials, provided that the material is not so rigid that brittle fracture occurs during the test, or so deformable, in an irreversible way, that the energy used in the deformation of the specimen legs is significant (i.e. is not negligible) with respect to the energy used in tearing. The method may not be suitable for determining the tear properties of cellular sheet and film.


Liquorice extracts (GlycyrrhizaglabraL.) — Determination of

This International Standard describes a method for determining the glycyrrhizic acid content of liquorice extract (Glycyrrhiza glabra L.) by high-performance liquid chromatography.The method is not applicable to raw or ground liquorice root.


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his part of ISO 11024 describes general guidelines on the determination of the chromatographic profile of an essential oil by gas chromatography on a capillary column.The chromatographic profile is one of the specifications which enables assessment of the quality of an essential oil in the same way as the physico-chemical characteristics. It is determined at the time of finalizing the standard on the essential oil.It is not a determination of the true concentration of the components, it is only an evaluation of its relative proportions.


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his part of ISO 11024 describes general guidelines on the determination of the compliance of a chromatographic profile of a sample of essential oil under examination with the reference chromatographic profile given in the standard for that oil.


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This International Standard describes a method for determining the ethanol content in aromatic extracts and flavouring and perfuming compounds by gas chromatography, either on a packed column or a capillary column.The method is applicable to those products having presumed ethanol contents over 0,5 %.


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ISO 18321:2015 specifies a method for the determination of the peroxide value in an essential oil. The peroxide value is a measure of the oxidation present.


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ISO/TR 21092:2004 gives a list of different codes (CAS-USA, EINECS, CAS-EINECS, Fema, EC and FDA numbers) used for the characterization of essential oils.


Petroleum and Related Products — Temperature and Pressure Volume Correction Factors (Petroleum Measurement Tables) and Standard Reference Conditions

This document refers to temperature volume correction factors, which allow users to convert volumes, measured at ambient conditions, to those at reference conditions for transactional purposes. This document also refers to compressibility factors required to correct hydrocarbon volumes measured under pressure to the corresponding volumes at the equilibrium pressure for the measured temperature.


Petroleum Measurement Systems — Calibration — Temperature Corrections for Use When Calibrating Volumetric Proving Tanks

ISO 8222 specifies multiplication factors for the correction of the volume of water transferred from a primary measure to a tank for changes arising from temperature differences during the determination of the capacity of the tank at reference temperature.


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This International Standard specifies the requirements and test methods for non-oriented polyethylene terephthalate (PET) or copolymer sheets made from virgin PET resin or recycled PET resin or combinations thereof. It applies only to sheets of thickness less than 2,0 mm. It excludes foamed sheets and shrinkable films.


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ISO 13106:2014 provides the requirements for polypropylene resins intended for use in blow-moulded, round containers with capacities up to, and including two litres intended for the packaging of liquids for human consumption. ISO 13106:2014 also provides tolerances on mass, dimensions, methods of sampling, testing, and performance requirements.


Conduit systems for cable management - Part 1: General requirements (CEI 61386-1:2008) (EN

This part of IEC 1386 specifies requirements and tests for conduit systems, including conduits and conduit fittings, for the protection and management of insulated conductors and/or cables in electrical installations or in communication systems up to 1000 V a.c. and/or 1500 V d.c. This standard applies to metallic, non-metallic and composite conduit systems, including threaded and non-threaded entries which terminate the system. This standard does not apply to enclosures and connecting boxes which come within the scope of IEC 670. NOTES 1 Certain conduit systems may also be suitable for use in hazardous atmospheres. Regard should then be taken of the extra requirements necessary for equipment to be installed in such conditions. 2 Earthing conductors may or may not be insulated.


Conduit systems for cable management Part 21: Particular requirements – Rigid conduit systems (IEC 61386-21:2002)

This clause of part 1 is applicable, except as follows: Addition: This part of IEC 61386 specifies the requirements for rigid conduit systems.


Conduit systems for cable management - Part 22: Particular (requirements - Pliable conduit systems)

This clause of part 1 is applicable, except as follows: Addition: This part of IEC 61386 specifies the requirements for pliable conduit systems including selfrecovering conduit systems.


Conduit systems for cable management Part 23: Particular requirements – Flexible conduit systems (IEC 61386- 23:2002)

This clause of part 1 is applicable, except as follows: Addition: This part of IEC 61386 specifies the requirements for flexible conduit systems.


Conduit systems for cable management - Part 24: Particular requirements - Conduit systems buried underground (IEC (61386-24:2004)

This standard specifies requirements and tests for conduit systems buried underground including conduits and conduit fittings for the protection and management of insulated conductors and/or cables in electrical installations or in communication systems. This standard applies to metallic, non-metallic and composite systems including threaded and nonthreaded entries which terminate the system.


Conduit systems for cable management - Part 25: Particular requirements - Conduit fixing devices (IEC 61386-25:2011)

This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows: Replacement in the first paragraph of the words “conduit fittings” by “conduit fittings and conduit fixing devices”. Addition at the end of the clause: This part of IEC 61386 specifies requirements and tests for conduit fixing devices used for support and/or retention of conduit for cable management.


This part of EN 438 gives an overview of the standard, and provides guidance in the selection and application of test methods and specifications contained in EN 438-2, EN 438-3, EN 438-4, EN 438-5, EN 438-6, EN 438-7, EN 438-8 and EN 438-9. This European Standard is applicable to high-pressure decorative laminate(s) (HPL) produced by using a high pressure process.


This European Standard specifies the methods of test for determination of the properties of high-pressure decorative laminates as defined in Clause 3. These methods are primarily intended for testing the sheets specified in EN 438-3, EN 438-4, EN 438-5, EN 438-6, EN 438-8, and EN 438-9. The precision of the test methods, specified in this European Standard, is not known because inter-laboratory data are not yet available. When inter-laboratory data will be obtained, precision statements will be added to the test method at the following revision. For those test methods having an end point determination based on subjective judgement, it is not meaningful to make a statement of precision.


High-pressure decorative laminates (HPL) - Sheets based

This European Standard applies to laminates less than 2 mm thick produced by using an high pressure process, normally intended for bonding to supporting substrates to produce HPL composite panels and establishes a classification system for high-pressure decorative laminates according to their performance and main recommended fields of application, including materials with special characteristics, for example formability or defined reaction to fire. This European Standard also specifies requirements for the properties of the various types of laminates covered by this classification system. High-pressure decorative laminates are characterised by their qualities, durability and functional performance. HPL sheets are available in a wide variety of colours, patterns and surface finishes; they are resistant to wear, scratching, impact, moisture, heat and staining; and possess good hygienic and anti-static properties, being easy to clean and maintain. EN 438-2 specifies the methods of test relevant to this European Standard. EN 438-4, EN 438-5, EN 438-6, EN 438-7, EN 438-8 and EN 438-9 are reserved for special types of HPL materials.


High-Pressure Decorative Laminates (HPL) - Sheets Based

This European Standard specifies performance requirements for two types of compact laminate of thickness 2 mm or greater produced by using a high pressure process intended for interior use . High-pressure decorative Compact laminates are characterised by their aesthetic qualities, strength, durability and functional performance. Compact HPL sheets are available in a wide variety of colours, patterns and surface finishes; they are extremely strong, and resistant to wear, impact, scratching, moisture, heat and staining; and possess good hygienic and anti-static properties, being easy to clean and maintain. EN 438-2 specifies the methods of test relevant to this European Standard.